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英语哪些词修饰比较级的形容词(形容词的比较级和最高级详解)

作者:横槊赋诗   2022-11-25 10:07

形容词的比较级的比较范围限于两个事物之间,而最高级的比较范围是一个包含三个或三个以上的组,它们本身自带比较,用于比较不同事物的特征或性质,其中最高级表示的是最高的度(强度、数量或质量等)。

形容词比较级常与 than 连用,用 than 引出要比较的另一个事物,而最高级常用 of,in 或 among 等引出比较的范围,例如:

A bus is bigger than a car.

公共汽车比汽车大。

My mother is taller than my brother.

我妈妈比我哥哥高。

He’s the best football player in the team.

他是队里最好的足球运动员。

This problem is considered the most difficult problem of all.

这个问题被认为是所有问题中最困难的。

Chimpanzees are the most intelligent animal among all animals and apes.

黑猩猩是所有动物和猿类中最聪明的动物。

虽然形容词的比较级和最高级已经自带比较的含义,但是我们还是可以用其他副词修饰比较的程度,以下列举分别可以修饰形容词比较级和最高级的副词或短语。

一、常见的可以修饰形容词比较级的副词有:much, far, a lot, rather, a little, a bit, slightly, even, any, yet 和 no 等,例如:

much:

She's much better today.

她今天好多了。

She is much older than her husband.

她比她丈夫大得多。

far:

That's a far better idea.

那个主意好得多。

She is far more dependable than her brother.

她比她哥哥可靠得多。

a lot:

I'm feeling a whole lot better.

我觉得好得多了。

She is a lot less careful than her sister.

她没有姐姐那么细心。

rather:

She would have finished that job rather more quickly.

她会更快地完成那项工作。

Now that she saw Rupert again, he was rather less interesting and a little older than she had remembered him.

既然她又见到鲁珀特了,他比她记忆中的鲁珀特无趣,也老了一点。

a little:

Their attitude was a little less enthusiastic.

他们的态度没有那么热情。

You could try being a little more encouraging!

你可以试着多给人一些鼓励嘛!

a bit:

You need to work on your pronunciation a bit more.

你需要再加把劲改进发音。

It was a bit more entertaining than the last play we saw.

这比我们上次看的那出戏有趣多了。

slightly:

We took a slightly more direct route.

我们选择了一条略近的路线。

His family then moved to a slightly larger house.

然后他全家搬到了一个稍微大一点的房子里。

even:

Her performance was even worse than her co-star’s.

她的表演比她的搭档还要差。

You know even less about it than I do.

你对此事的了解甚至还不如我。

any:

Is he any better?

他好些了吗?

I can't run any faster.

我不能跑得更快了。

yet:

Yet bigger satellites will be sent up into orbit.

更为大型的卫星将被送入轨道。

no:

She looks no older than her daughter.

她看起来不比她女儿大。

She's feeling no better this morning.

她今天早晨还是不见好。

当 more 修饰一个复数名词时,用 many 来修饰,例如:

There are many more opportunities available to students in the UK than in Greece.

与希腊相比,英国学生有更多的机会。

英语哪些词修饰比较级的形容词(形容词的比较级和最高级详解)

二、常见的可以修饰形容词最高级的副词有:much, by far, quite, nearly 和 easily 等等,例如:

much:

Nikolai's English was much the worst.

尼克莱的英语糟糕透了。

She is much the most intelligent of them all.

她是他们中最聪明的。

by far:

She is by far the oldest in the firm.

她是这家公司中年龄最大的。

The last of these reasons is by far the most important.

这些理由中最后一条比其他的重要得多。

quite:

She’s quite the most amazing person I’ve ever met.

她是我见过的最了不起的人。

Flying is quite the best way to travel.

航空绝对是最佳旅行方式。

nearly:

I’m nearly the oldest in the class.

我几乎是班上年龄最大的。

easily:

It's easily the best play I've seen this year.

这无疑是我今年看过的最好的一出戏。

词或词组辨析:

1. dependable [dɪˈpendəbl] 意为“可信赖的,可靠的”

[ 标签: 英语  ]

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