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make过去分词怎么写(make的句法精讲)

作者:启明星的指引   2022-01-12 10:23

make过去分词是made。make是英文单词,名词、及物动词、不及物动词,作名词时意为“制造;构造;性情,人名;(塞、南非)马克”,作及物动词时意为“使得;进行;布置,准备,整理;制造;认为;获得;形成;安排;引起;构成”,作不及物动词时意为“开始;前进;增大;被制造”。


先看一下两个句子,

He speaks slowly and clearly to make himself easy(to understand).He speaks slowly and clearly to make himself easily(understood).

这两个句子都是正确的,如果看不懂它们的句子结构和成分关系,我建议就老老实实认认真真地阅读本文吧:


make过去分词怎么写(make的句法精讲)(图1)


英语中make其后的复合宾语(即宾语+宾语补足语)有以下表达方式:

1.make+宾语+名词(作宾语补足语)

Make your enemy your friend.

化敌为友。


Most pop singers make music their career.

大多数流行歌手把音乐当作他们的职业。


Bill Gates’Microsoft makes him a phenomenon in the business world.

比尔·盖茨的微软使他成为商界的一个奇才。


He makes King Lear a truly tragic figure.

他把李尔王刻画成一位真正的悲剧人物。


She made him her assistant.

她挑选他做她的助手。


Mr Blair made him transport minister

布莱尔先生任命他为交通部长。


He returned to Chicago,and made it his base for the rest of his life

他回到了芝加哥,在那里度过了余生。


2.make+宾语+不带to的不定式(作宾语语补足语)

Nobody made us go to bed at a certain time.

没有人让我们在某一固定时间就寝。


Nothing can make me turn against my country.

什么也不能使我背叛我的祖国。


She always makes me laugh.

她总是让我发笑。


Mama made him clean up the plate

妈妈要他把盘子洗干净。


Grit from the highway made him cough

公路上扬起的沙子呛得他咳嗽起来。


This dress makes me look fat.

这衣服我穿着显胖。


What makes you say that(=why do you think so)?

你为什么这么说?


Nothing will make me change my mind.

什么也改变不了我的主意。


They made me repeat the whole story.

他们非让我把整个事件再说一遍。


She must be made to comply with the rules.

必须让她遵守规则。(被动语态的时候不定式要带上to)


I was made to finish the task before ten.(被动语态的时候不定式要带上to)

我被要求十点前完成任务。(被动语态的时候不定式要带上to)


Children should be made to understand the importance of saving water.

应该让孩子们明白节约用水的重要性。(被动语态的时候不定式要带上to)


Mama made him clean up the plate

妈妈要他把盘子洗干净。


Grit from the highway made him cough.

公路上扬起的沙子呛得他咳嗽起来。


3.make+宾语+形容词(作宾语补足语)

It may make communicating effectively with others face to face less.

它也许会使人们面对面的有效交流减少。


The news made him very happy.

这则消息使他非常高兴。


She made her objections clear.

她明确表示反对。


But I was happy to help because I knew it was to realize our dream of making black and white people equal.

但是我乐于帮忙,因为我知道,这是为了实现我们黑人和白人平等的梦想。


He makes his classes lively and interesting.

他使他的课堂生动而有趣。


We should make our classroom tidy.

我们应该使教室整洁。


The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier,not to make it more difficult.

新技术的目的是使生活变得更加容易,而不是变得更加困难。


4.make+宾语+过去分词(作宾语补足语)

The teacher raised his voice so that he could make himself heard.

那个老师提高了嗓门以便别人能听到他。


Can you make yourself understood in Russian?

你能用俄语表达你的意思吗?


She couldn't make herself heard above the noise of the traffic.

车辆噪音很大,她无法让人听到她的声音。


Aron couldn't speak Polish.I made myself understood with difficulty

阿伦不会说波兰语,我为了让他明白我的话很是费了一番力气。


5.make+宾语+介词短语(作宾语补足语)

You made him into an honest one.

你使他成为一个诚实的人。


“Make yourself at home,”the hostess said to me as soon as I entered the house.

我刚一进门,女主人就对我说:“别客气,就像在你自己家一样。”


We are making a film about wildlife.

我们正在拍摄一部关于野生动物的影片。


Mr.Perry made a note in his book

佩里先生在他的书上作了一个注解。


A group of people made a circle around the Pentagon.

一群人在五角大楼四周围成一圈。


6.make+宾语+从句(作宾语补足语)

What has made China what she is today?

是什么让中国变成今天的样子?


We will soon make our school what your school is now.

我们不久就要把我们的学校发展成你们学校目前的那个样子。


7.make+形式宾语it+形容词或名词(做宾语补足语)+带to的不定式作真正的宾语

This makes it possible for agriculture and industry to develop quickly.

这使工农业有可能很快发展。


People in the West make it a rule to buy Christmas presents for their relatives and friends.

西方国家的人常在圣诞节时购买礼物给亲属和朋友。


She made it her business to find out who was responsible.

她一定要查清楚到底该谁负责。


8.make+形式宾语it+形容词或名词(作宾语补足语)+从句(作真正的宾语)

They want to make it clear to the public that they do an important and necessary job.

他们要向公众表明,他们所做的工作不但重要,而且是必不可少的。


He made it clear that he objected.

他明确表示反对。


The terrorists made it known that tourists would be targeted.

恐怖分子宣称游客将成为他们袭击的目标。


如果通过学习,前面两个句子还有疑问,欢迎大家留言一起交流讨论。

[ 标签: 英语  ]

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