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表语从句练习知识点笔记(英语的表语从句用法解析)

作者:星河日月   2021-11-22 14:47

英语的表语从句


一个句子中的系动词后面跟的句子成分是表语,例如:It is cold today.这里的cold就是表语,我们把系动词后面跟随的词称作表语。如:


You sound tired.(I think you are tired from the sound of your voice.)

You look fabulous today.(It is you who has a fabulous appearance.)

He doesn’t look very happy.

This doesn’t feel right.

The car appears OK,but I’ll have to drive it to be sure.

That smells nice.


如果表语是一个句子充当,则这个句子是表语从句,It seems that it is much colder today


than yesterday.此句后面that引导的句子就是表语从句。表语从句是判断或声明一个事实。


表语从句练习知识点笔记(英语的表语从句用法解析)(图1)


表语从句可以用连词that,whether,whether...or,as,as if,as though,because,lest等连接。也可以是连接代词如who,whoever,what,whatever,which或连接副词where,wherever,when,whenever,how,why。


系动词是能够跟形容词的动词,如be,become,turn,seem,get,keep,taste,smell,look,fee,sound,appear等,它们是与感官,状态有关的动词。


如下列例句:

The fact was that he had forgotten about it.

The only reason for my coming is because I hoped to see you again.

Our fear was lest we should miss him in the crowd.

That’s what he wants you to think.

The problem is that you do not seem to care about the situation.

The winner was whoever arrived at the finish line first.

Dinner can be whatever you want to fix from the freezer.

The mystery is what she wants for Christmas from us.

The question was whether the rumor was true or not.


若主句的主语是order,proposal,request,suggestion,arrangement,desire,这类词的时候,连词that不能省略,表语从句的动词要用原形,因为属于虚拟语气。例如:


The regulation was that the first examination should be done in writing.

Our proposal is that you should join in.

Their suggestion was that no one should interfere.


非人称代词it可放在开头,随后跟随表语从句表达场景。


It appears he hasn’t been there.

It sounded as if even the spring began by act of Parliament.

It seems that there is no cure.

It seems as if I am the first one here.

It looks as if they have succeeded in their experiment.

[ 标签: 英语  ]

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